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list of countries with names capitals and curent flags description

Ireland - Dublin

The flag of Eire used to be formally adopted on January 21, 1919.Modeled after the French Tricolore, Eire's flag makes use of coloration to characterize religions. Green is consultant of Catholics; orange is representative of Protestants, and the white is symbolic of the union of each.

Romania - Bucharest

The Romania flag used to be formally adopted on December 27, 1989.Romania's flag shows colours from its earlier associations with the Ottoman Empire, as the red and blue have been once phase of the former Ottoman province of Moldova's flag, and the red and yellow have been similaraly part of the Ottoman province of Wallachia's flag.

Moldova - Chisinau

The Moldova flag was once formally adopted on May 12, 1990. As soon as part of Romania, Moldova's flag displays that affiliation, as the two nations use virtually similar colours of red, yellow and blue in their nationwide flags. The established Moldova protect's primary characteristic is a golden eagle preserving an Orthodox Christian move in its beak. The olive department is stated to characterize peace.


The flag of Vatican Citye is split vertically into two equal stripes, yellow and white . The white stripe bears the standard papal logo, the crossed keys of St. Peter underneath the papal tiara.


The Monaco flag used to be officially adopted on April four, 1881. The red and white are the heraldic colours of the Grimaldi family, one that has ruled right here since the thirteenth century.

Liechtenstein - Vaduz

Liechtenstein's flag used to be formally adopted on June 24, 1937. The flag's blue and red were representative of Liechtenstein because it used to be a part of the Holy Roman Empire in the seventeenth century. The golden crown is symbolic of its independence, and its reputation as a principality. Essentially the most famous and productive prince was Franz Joesef II, as he built the one-time impoverished country of Liechtenstein into some of the wealthiest in Europe all through his reign from (1938-1989).

Andorra - Andorra la Vella

The Andorra flag used to be officially adopted in 1866. The flag features three equal vertical bands of blue, yellow, and red with the nationwide coat of arms situated in the yellow band. These colours are stated to symbolize Andorra'a independence from each France and Spain, as blue and red had been taken from France, while red and yellow have been taken from Spain. The motto on the bottom of the shield interprets as "Strength United is Stronger."

Malta - Valletta

The Malta flag used to be formally adopted on September 21, 1964. The flag of this island nation makes use of the standard red and white colours of the Knights of Malta. The George Cross (higher left), outlined in red, was once introduced to the flag within the 1940s, as King George VI of Britain offered it to islanders for prominent gallantry right through World War II.

Luxembourg - Luxembourg City

Luxembourg's flag used to be formally adopted 1972, even if used since 1848. After gaining its independence from the Netherlands within the late 1800s, its flag uses a mixture of red, white and blue colours that date to the thirteenth century, and the Grand Duke's coat of arms.

Montenegro - Podgorica

The flag of Montenegro was once officially adopted on July thirteen, 2004. It contains the nationwide coat of arms centered in front of a red heritage with a golden border.

Cyprus - Nicosia

The flag of Cyprus was once formally adopted on August sixteen, 1960. After gaining independence from a century of British rule, Cyprus now hoists this symbolic flag. The island is a copper shade representative of its identify, Cyprus - the Greek phrase for copper. The crossed green olive branches signify the hoped for peace between the Turks and the Greeks.

Estonia - Tallinn

The Estonia flag used to be formally adopted on May eight, 1990. The colour blue represents loyalty, and the country's gorgeous blue skies, seas and lakes; black is symbolic of past oppression and the fertile soil, and white represents virtue, winter snows, and Estonia's lengthy fight for freedom and independence.

Slovenia - Ljubljana

The Slovenia flag was once formally adopted on June 24, 1991. Red, white and blue are conventional Pan-Slavic colours. The Slovenian coat of arms options three gold stars, stated to be symbolic of the Duchy of Celje arms. The mountains proven in white are representative of the Alps, and the wavy blue strains throughout the underside indicate Slovenia's precious access to the sea.

Albania - Tirana

The Albania flag used to be formally adopted on April 7, 1992. The flag includes a double-headed eagle in black, on a red backgound. This design is traced back to George Castriota, an Albanian Christian, and a fifteenth century Turkish general. He used the Byzantine two-headed eagle on his seals, therefore the Albanian flag. Notice that Albanians name their country Shapiperia, which means "Land of the Eagle."

Lithuania - Vilnius

Lithuania's flag was once formally adopted on March 20, 1989. Long part of the previous Soviet Union, the Lithuanian flag used to be reprised after it gained independence in 1991. Yellow is symbolic of the country's wheat fields; green symbolic of the forests, and red symbolizes patriotism. Together the colours symbolize hope for the future, freedom from oppression, and the unbelievable braveness of the Lithuanian people.

Finland - Helsinki

The flag of Finland was once formally adopted on May just 29, 1918 .The off-based blue cross is according to the Scandinavian Cross, a cross broadly used on Scandinavian country flags. The blue colour is symbolic of blue skies, and the hundreds of lakes in Finland. The white represents the winter snows.

Denmark - Copenhagen

Denmark is Europe's oldest kingdom and its flag - the oldest European flag - was once formally adopted in 1625. The red flag with a white cross is referred to as the Dannebrog, or Danish Cloth. Consistent with Danish legend, the Dannebrog descended from the skies right through a combat in Estonia on June 15, 1219.

Italy - Rome

The flag of Italy was once formally adopted on January 21, 1919. The modern Italian flag, the well-known tricolore, is derived from an unique design through Napoleon. It includes three vertical bands of equal width, showing the nationwide colours of Italy: green, white and red. Green used to be mentioned to be Napoleon's favorite colour.

Spain - Madrid

The flag of Spain used to be formally adopted on July 19, 1927 .The red and golden-yellow colours of Spain's flag had been first used in the late 1700s through the King of Spain, as he tried to simply differentiate his ships from these of different nations. They are additionally the unique colours found within the arms of each the Castile and Aragon regions of the country, the areas first united through King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.

Poland - Warsaw

The Poland flag was once officially adopted on August 1, 1919. Red and white have lengthy been related to Poland and its coat of arms. On the modern flag, white is claimed to symbolize the hope for peace through all of Poland's people, whereas red still remembers the symbolic reference to socialism from days long gone.

Norway - Oslo

The flag of Norway used to be formally adopted on July 17, 1821. The red, white and blue colours are mentioned to be influenced through the French Tricolore (as an emblem of liberty). Idea also came from the flags of the UK and the USA. The off-centered white cross (The Scandinavian Cross) is taken from the Danish flag, and the blue cross is the Cross of Sweden.

Bulgaria - Sofia

The Bulgaria flag used to be formally adopted on November 22, 1990 .The red and white colours of the flag have been taken from the Pan Slavic colours. The green changed the blue of the Russian Tricolor, and before 1990, the white stripe contained the Bulgarian coat of arms.

Portugal - Lisbon

The Portugal flag used to be formally adopted on June 30, 1911. This historic flag is symbolic of epic Portuguese voyages that might make them the first to discover the ocean routes to India, Brazil, China and Japan, and on the similar time establish settlements on the east and west coasts of Africa. Green is representative of King Henry the Navigator, a famed Portuguese explorer. The centered shield is representative of ocean exploration and the growth of Portugal's influence all through the reign of King Afonso Henriques. Red remembers the inner revolution of the early 1800s.

Austria - Vienna

The Austrian flag, firstly adopted in 1918, was once officially adopted , and again in 1945, after being banned all the way through World Warfare II.Stripes of red and white had been a collective logo of Austria for over 800 years, and their first usage on the flag occured in 1191. In keeping with long established legend, the red and white flag used to be designed to resemble the bloodstained white coat worn through the Duke of Austria all the way through a fierce battle.

Belgium - Brussels

The Belgium flag was once officially adopted on January 23, 1831. It used to be designed to signify Belgium's acceptance as an independent country. Black, gold and red are symbolic of the country's coat of arms; black representing the shield; gold representing the lion, and red representing the lion's claws and tongue. The vertical format is taken from the French Tricolore.

Greece - Athens

The flag of historical Greece was once formally adopted in 1822. It includes a white cross, and a mixture of 9 blue and white horizontal stripes. Notice that the color of blue has varied through the years, and darker blue is now regularly used. dotThe cross is symbolic of the Greek spiritual religion and the 9 stripes signify the 9 syllables within the cry "Freedom or Death," one regularly used all the way through the Greek struggle of independence. The white is claimed to mirror the purity of that fight.

Netherlands - Amsterdam

The Netherlands flag used to be formally adopted on February 19, 1937. At one time this tricolor flag used to be orange, white and blue, as these have been the livery colours of William of Orange, a Dutch prince. Within the seventeenth century, red changed the orange as a flag color, for the reason that orange dye used on the flag was unstable, and turned purple after exposure to the sun.

Germany - Berlin

The Germany flag was once formally adopted on May 23, 1949. It was once utilized by West Germany when the country divided itself into East and West. Notice that each have been reunited into one nation in 1990. The tricolore flag used to be designed in 1832, and the black, red and gold colours have been taken from the uniforms of German infantrymen all through the Napoleonic Wars.

Russia - Moscow

The Russian Federation flag used to be formally adopted on August 22, 1991. The flag was once hoisted quickly after the previous Soviet Union USSR collapsed. The white, red and blue are each Pan-Slavic colours, and the unique colours of the Netherland's flag.

United Kingdom - London

The UK flag used to be officially adopted on January 1, 1801, and it is arguably the world's easiest identified flag.Briefly, this striking flag is in reality a composite of England's St. George's Cross , St. Andrew's Cross of Scotland, and the Patron Saint of Eire

France - Paris

The French flag used to be formally adopted on February 15, 1794.The tricolore - includes three vertical bands of equal width, showing the country's nationwide colours: blue, white and red.Red, white and blue have come to symbolize liberty, equality and fraternity - the beliefs of the French Revolution.Blue and red are additionally the popular colours of Paris, whereas white is the colour of the Royal House of Bourbon.

Hungary - Budapest

The present flag of Hungary used to be formally adopted on October 1, 1957, however it was first used in 1848. The overall design is modeled after the French Tricolore. Red is claimed to signify strength, green is hope and white is faithfulness.

Sweden - Stockholm

The flag of Sweden used to be officially adopted on June 22, 1906.The off-based yellow cross is taken from the Danish flag. The yellow and blue colours are taken from the nationwide coat of arms.

Switzerland - Zurich

Switzerland nationwide flag used to be adopted on December 12, 1889.The red field with a centered white cross used to be adapted from the flag of Schwyz, one of the orginal three cantons of the country. It displays a standard flag style from medieval times , and lately, only the identified national flags of Switzerland and Vatican City are perfect squares.

Macedonia - Skopje

The Macedonian flag used to be adopted on October 5, 1995, making it one of the world's latest flags. Macedonia won independence from Yugoslavia on September eight, 1991. The flag of Macedonia contains a centered yellow sun, with eight extending rays, which widen atop a purple background.